The area of medicine that takes into account the disorders associated with the conditions of the ENT region, or the Ear, Nose and Throat region along with the areas related to neck and the head is known as Otolaryngology. ENT surgeons, ENT doctors, and otolaryngologists are some of the common names for the doctors that deal with the specification of these areas.
There are various instruments that are used by ENT doctors for the examination of ears, nose and throat. These are described below:
ENT chairs are used by doctors to position the patient comfortably in order to properly examine him. The technology used in these chairs aids in its quick as well as an easy positioning. The position of the chair that is suitable for an ideal working condition can be easily obtained with an infinite amount of variable inclination of the backrest area in the horizontal region. These chairs can be rotated ninety degrees to the right side as well as to the left side, even when the patient is sitting. With the help of an electrical foot switch, the height of the seat can be adjusted.
The ENT chair can also be converted into a couch. This is made possible due to the synchronous coupling of leg support and arm rests. The backrest can be operated and adjusted electrically. The height of the neck of these chairs can be adjusted. They can also be removed if necessary. The patient can sit in a comfortable position for examination due to the presence of the foldable foot rest. With the help of stop levers, the upper portion of the chair can be rotated by three hundred sixty degrees.
The head mirror is commonly used in an ENT clinic. It consists of a concave mirror, which is of circular shape. This mirror is attached to a band. It is worn by a physician over the eye of choice. A hole of small size is present in the center of the mirror. This mirror, when worn, leads to the placement of this hole directly over the eye of the physician, which, along with the outward facing concave mirror forms an illumination like a ring of light.
The main disadvantage of this instrument is that it requires some skill to be used. Due to this, pen lights are popular among general practitioners nowadays and have replaced head mirrors.
Modern setup of ENT uses a nasal endoscope, camera along with a light source in order to demonstrate patient’s cavities, which would otherwise be hidden.
This instrument is used for depressing the tongue of the patient and for examining oral cavity.
This instrument helps to view the inside area of a nose. Anterior Rhinoscopy is the name of the procedure that is employed in the inspection of the nasal cavity.
These instruments are used for the examining of laryngopharynx and larynx. Indirect laryngoscopy is the name of the procedure in which the doctor holds the tongue of the patient and sees the reflection of the larynx with the aid of a mirror.
Ear speculum is used to see the inside area of the eardrum and ear canal.
This device operates with the aid of a battery. It consists of a magnifying glass and helps in providing a clear view of the eardrum. An otoscope is one of the most important tools for an otolaryngologist. It is frequently used for the inspection of the ear, throat and nose of bedridden patients, a child or an infant.
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